This common plant, svarttopp ("Black-top", Bartsia alpina) is a common sight in the mountains here and elsewhere, often close to water.
To late! A disappointment, I was to late to find "gullmyrklegg" (Pedicularis oederi) flowering. Here you can take a look at this splendid plant:http://www.markblomster.com/Markblomster/Flora/G/Gullmyrklegg.html
Rogaland, Norway - with cool, often rainy summers (29C max) and mild, often rainy winters (180 cm/year)!
The dark flowers on the Bartsia look very decorative. I've never seen one in real life - none occur here, but a species (I don't recall which offhand) occurs as an introduced weed further east on the prairies.I love seeing Pedicularis and we have 12 species here, apparently, mostly found on alpine slopes and in boggy areas... I've only seen about 4 species - must try harder!
Some more hemiparasites:1) Yellow rattle, Rhinanthus minor, from our hike the other day.2, 3) And a couple of colour variations on Castilleja rhexifolia4) Pedicularis bracteosa
Calgary, Alberta, Canada - Zone 3
-30 C to +30 C (rarely!); elevation ~1130m; annual precipitation ~40 cm